Policing Protest Reviews

Adapting to Protest

The HMIC report – Adapting to Protest – was published on 07 July 2009. Conducted at the request of the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service, this review looked at the policing methods used on 01 April 2009 during the G20 summits in London.

The report made a number of immediate recommendations, including that police:

  • Facilitate peaceful protest
  • Improve dialogue with protest groups where possible
  • Improve communication with the public
  • Moderate the impact of containment when used
  • Improve training to equip officers to deal with the full spectrum of protest activity
  • Wear clear identification at all times

and that:

  • National guidance on the policing of protest needs overhauling by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO).

Read Adapting to Protest (revised June 2010)

Adapting to Protest – Nurturing the British Model of Policing

Adapting to Protest – Nurturing the British Model of Policing was published on 25 November 2009, and asks the question “How best should the police as a service adapt to the modern day demands of public order policing while retaining the core values of the British model of policing?”

This review builds on the recommendations of Adapting to Protest and develops a practical framework for police decision-making to facilitate peaceful protest. It includes the response from ACPO to the recommendations made by HMIC in July and provides further details of the ACPO review of national public order training.

Three flow diagrams were developed as a way to provide, clear practical guidance for public order practitioners. These diagrams can help to devise appropriate command and control frameworks for large-scale public order operations.

Facilitating Peaceful Protest flow diagram

Use of Public Highway flow diagram

Protests on Private Land flow diagram (revised June 2010)

An External Reference Group provided critical oversight and scrutiny for the duration of the second part of the HMIC Review.

Read the Terms of Reference of the HMIC Review of the Policing of Public Protest.

Policing Public Order – An overview and review of progress against the recommendations of Adapting to Protest and Nurturing the British Model of Policing

This report by HMIC found that police forces cannot plan for a quiet world and must swiftly adapt in real-time to protests that pose risks to public safety.

Read Policing Public Order (corrected in March 2011 to delete repeated sentence on page 7)